Item #6109 Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes. Luiz Rodolpho Cavalcanti ALBUQUERQUE.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.
Contemporary Analysis of Brazilian Natural Rubber Trade at its Pinnacle
With a Colored Lithographic Map of the Amazonas and Neighboring Countries
Para, Francisco da Costa Junior, 1891.

Commércio e navegação da Amazônia e paízes limítrophes.

8vo (21.5 x 15 cm), [2], i-vi, 21-46 pp.; 5 folding tables and a large folding colored lithographic map of the Amazonas and the surrounding countries, signed “C. Wiegandt Para” dated 1891 and measuring 58.5 cm x 80cm. Half-bound in modern paper and buckram, with original printed front wrapper. Very fresh. Excellent.

A rare curious publication on commerce on the Amazon river, between Brazil and the neighboring countries of Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela at the height of the rubber boom with a splendid colored lithographic map of the region, by the customs inspector of the Amazonas at the time, Luiz Rodolpho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque (1847-1915).

The province of Amazonas, officially created by Pedro II of Brazil in 1850, was the center of rubber boom, reaching its era of splendor in the 1890s, when this book was published. Known as the “black gold” at the time, to this day rubber remains one of the most ubiquitous polymers, with application in a variety of fields, including medicine, car industry, clothes, toys, etc. Brazilian rubber trees are still the major commercial source of natural rubber in the world.

In the Preface, the author states that for several years he has been sending memos to the government about trade with the neighboring countries in the Amazonas, urging them to adopt new laws. “These official manuscripts, that I have presented to the government, are lost in the archives, even after they have been studied, and with them, the precious statistical data,” (p. ii) he writes.

Albuquerque provides important information on existing trade treatises between the Amazonas and Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela, and the current state of trade, relying on extensive statistical data. He details the faults of the current legislation which creates opportunities for illegal trade of natural rubber in circumvention of Brazil’s monopoly on the natural resource and urges the government to take action and adopt new laws.

Born in Para, Luiz Rodolpho Cavalcanti de Albuquerque made a career in various state institutions, serving as one of the clerks of the Treasury of Para, inspector of the Amazonas, and vice-director of the Court of Auditors. Among other things, he studied and stipulated trade and navigation treaties with Peru and Bolivia. He was a member of the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute and the Geographical and Historical Institute of Bahia and contributed to several newspapers in Amazonas and Pará. He was the son of Francisco de Paula Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, a Brazilian landowner and prominent politician, who served as vice-president and later president of the province of Pernambuco, and held the position of the Minister of War from 1840-1841.

The lithographer of the map, Conrad Wiegandt (1841-1909) was born in Cologne in 1841. Also known as Carlos Wiegandt, João Carlos Wiegandt, and Hals-Karl Wiegandt, he arrived in Brazil in 1867 and shortly afterwards established the first lithographic printing shop in Belém. He was the first printer to use the technique of stereotype printing in the region. His brother Bernhard Wiegandt (1851-1918) was a successful painter, professor of art, and curator of Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne. He lived in Brazil for five years from 1875 at his brother’s invitation.

We have located only three copies in the U.S.: at Duke, Indiana, and the Catholic University of America.

* Not in Borba. De O. Martins et al., “Hans-Karl Wiegandt e a introdução da litografia na Província do Gram-Pará em 1870,” in Projética 9/2 (Nov. 2018), pp. 11-26. Blake, Diccionario bibliographico brazileiro (1883-1902), vol. 5, p. 462.

Price: $2,950.00

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