Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano. Marco BOSCHINI.
Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano.
Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano.
Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano.
Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano.
The First Modern Atlas of Crete
A Crown Jewel in the Venetian Maritime Empire
Venice, Al Serenissimo Prencipe e Regal Collegio di Venetia, 1651.

Il Regno Tutto di Candia Delineator a Parte a Parte et Intagliato da Marco Boschini Venetiano.

Sm. Folio (30.7 x 22.3 cms.), (3) pls, including engraved title, letter press dedication leaf, & allegorical plate showing a miniature map of Crete surmounted by the Lion of St. Marco and 61 engraved maps, plans and views (9 folding, including a folding detailed general map of Crete). Bound in contemporary calf, gold stamped spine in 6 compartments; some wear at extremities & joints; head & tail of spine chipped/damaged, a few abrasions to back cover; plate 12 mounted. A large copy, fresh and bright.

A very large-margined example of the first edition of the first printed atlas of Crete (Il Regno of Candia), for many centuries Venice’s stronghold in the eastern Mediterranean and the last significant overseas possession of its once great maritime empire.  Complete with 61 engraved maps and plans of the island, 9 oversize and folding, designed and engraved by Marco Boschini, the work also includes the grand foldout plan of the city/fortress of Candia which is often missing from copies of this work.

By the mid-17th century, the Venetian Republic's relative military weakness, coupled with Crete’s wealth and strategic position controlling the waterways of the Eastern Mediterranean, attracted the attention of the Ottoman Empire. In the long and devastating Cretan War (1645–1669) that ensued, the two states fought over the island’s possession: the Ottomans quickly gained the upper hand in the contest, but failed to take Candia [the capitol], which held out, aided by Venetian naval superiority and Ottoman distractions elsewhere, until 1669” when it finally fell as well. 

As the attention not only of Venice but of the whole of Christian Europe was focused upon the fate of Crete, it was the perfect time, around 1651, for a patriotic Venetian to affirm the greatness of Venice in her struggle contra la potenza vastissima Othomana,  Marco Boschini, the Venetian painter, engraver and writer began work on his survey of Crete at the beginning of the war in 1645 when Crete was first invaded by the Turks.  When Il Regno Tutto di Candia was published in 1651, the town of Candia (Heraklion) was in the fourth year of what was to become a twenty-two year siege. The result of Boschini’s efforts was not only a lavish celebration of this jewel in the crown of Venice’s fading maritime empire but an important and highly influential cartographic document, drawn from numerous earlier maps and manuscript surveys, of the island’s geography and defenses masterfully produced and printed in Venice. 

Marco Boschini (1602-1681) was a well-regarded painter and engraver, as well as an art historian and booster of Venetian art and culture with numerous publications on Venice to his credit. Quintessentially a son of Venice, Boschini dedicated his life to writing about the city where he was born and lived all his life. His numerous writings on Venetian art, his friendships with contemporary Venetian artists and collectors were legendary in his time and were the reason he came to be known as the Cicerone di Venezia.  His Il Regno Tutto di Candia, which was designed and entirely engraved by him, is among his most ambitious projects and remains a key work in the history of cartography of Crete.

*Blackmur 171; Atabey 136.

 

Price: $12,500.00

See all items in Rare Books
See all items by