A Beautifully Printed, Much Expanded Edition
BUCHON, J. A./ CAREY & LEA [Paris, 1825]
Atlas Geographique, Statistique, Historique Et Chronologique Des Deux Ameriques Et De Iles Adjacentes; Traduit De l'Atlas Execute En Amerique D'Apres Lesage, Avec De Nombreuses Corections Et Augmentations, Par J. A. Buchon . . . A Paris,... M.D CCC XXV.
Bound in new marble-papered boards with calf back strip with gold-tooled black morocco label; 51 maps with original wash color, 2 plates; fine condition.
An elegant, greatly expanded, French-published atlas based in part on of the Carey & Lea atlas of the Americas (Philadelphia, 1822). This edition updates its model in significant ways, adding seven new maps including one of the United States dated 1825. In addition, improvements were made to the maps of Georgia, Louisiana, and New York, while the map Alaska (Map of Russian America) now reflects the Treaty of 1825. There are among the state maps ones of then recently admitted Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, while Arkansas and Michigan are shown as territories. A second map of the United States, also dated 1825, designates with color the various states and territories and gives the populations of each at various periods.
The atlas appeared at a key moment in the political history of the Caribbean and South American nations. As pointed out in the recent work Waking Giant: America in the Age of Jackson by David S. Reynolds, “between 1804, when Haiti freed itself from France, and 1822, when Brazil escaped Portuguese rule, a total of eleven Latin American countries had gained independence” (p. 57). Many of these developments are reflected in the atlas. For example, appearing for the first time in it were new maps of Argentina (then called Buenos Aires or the United Provinces of the River Plate), Guiana, Paraguay, and Central America. The map of Argentina is possibly the first to identify it as an independent republic, as it was recognized as such by the United States only two years earlier in 1823. Also newly added to the atlas were excellent maps of the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. The atlas also contains separate maps of Puerto Rico including the Virgin Islands, Cuba, Santo Domingo, Jamaica, Mexico, and several of individual South American countries. Two plates in the atlas illustrate the comparative sizes of the mountains and rivers of the Americas.
This atlas also represents an important milestone for American cartography. Although it greatly expands on its source, it was one of the first European-published atlases—perhaps the first in folio format—to draw extensively upon an American atlas for both content and style.